Category Archives: Learning / Memory Research Articles

Exploring the potential impact of reciprocal peer tutoring on higher education students’ metacognitive knowledge and regulation

Backer, Keer and Valcke’s study “explores the potential of reciprocal peer tutoring to promote both university students’ metacognitive knowledge and their metacognitive regulation skills. The study was conducted in a naturalistic higher education setting, involving 67 students tutoring each other during a complete semester.” Backer, Liesje De. (May 2012) . Exploring the potential impact of reciprocal peer tutoring on higher… Read more »

5 Things Every Student Should Know Before Starting College

This article is about Geddes’ five tips to students who are entering college. Once you read the subtitles, I’m sure you will be intrigued to read this brief article. Five Tips Your Professors Hate Your Favorite High School Teachers! Understand the 80/20 Rule / 20/80 Rule Shift Read Material Before Class Know the Difference Between Memorizing and Learning Be Confident…. Read more »

Assessing Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning

This article “provides an overview of the conceptual and methodological issues involved in developing and evaluating measures of metacognition and self-regulated learning.” Sections in this article discuss the components of metacognition and self-regulated learning as well as the assessment of metacognition. Pintrich, Paul R.; Wolters, Christopher A.; and Baxter, Gail P., “2. Assessing Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning” (2000). Issues in… Read more »

A Metacognitive Learning Cycle: A Better Warranty for Student Understanding?

Blank’s study “proposes a revised learning cycle model, termed the Metacognitive Learning Cycle, which emphasizes formal opportunities for teachers and students to talk about their science ideas. Working collaboratively, the researcher and a seventh-grade science teacher developed a 3-month ecology unit based on the revised model.” Results showed that even though students that were in the metacognitive classroom didn’t gain… Read more »

Metacognitive Development as a Shift in Approach to Learning: An in-depth study

Case and Gunstone conducted a study on students who were enrolled in an engineering course and after conducting series of interviews, they were able to provide detailed information about students’ metacognitive development or “lack thereof.” Jennifer Case & Richard Gunstone (2002) Metacognitive Development as a Shift in Approach to Learning: An in-depth study, Studies in Higher Education, 27:4, 459-470, DOI:… Read more »

Metacognitive Awareness and Academic Achievement in College Students

“Schraw and Dennison (1994) developed the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) to assess metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation which they referred to as the knowledge of cognition factor and the regulation of cognition factor.” Young and Fry’s article discusses the correlations between the final course grades, GPS and MAI. (Metacognitive Awareness Inventory) Findings show that the scores on the MAI greatly… Read more »

Metacognition and Learning: Conceptual and Methodological Considerations

This is the first issue of the new international journal Metacognition and Learning. Journal provides “A kaleidoscopic view on research into metacognition.” It is a great introduction to metacognition and includes ten issues “Which are by no means exhaustive.” Metacognition and Learning, 2006, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 3. Marcel V. J. Veenman, Bernadette H. A. M. Hout-Wolters, Peter Afflerbach… Read more »

The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge in Learning, Teaching, and Assessing

“Metacognitive knowledge is a new category of knowledge in the revised Taxonomy.” According to Pintrich, strategic knowledge, self-knowledge and the knowledge of tasks and their contexts are the three important types of metacognitive knowledge. Paul R. Pintrich (2002) The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge in Learning, Teaching, and Assessing, Theory Into Practice, 41:4, 219-225, DOI: 10.1207/s15430421tip4104_3 The Role of Metacognitive Knowledge… Read more »

Metacognition as Part of a Broader Perspective on Learning

This article includes six instructional strategies that promote self-regulation and ways that motivational cognitive and metacognitive skills can be enhanced using these strategies. Research in Science Education, 2006, Volume 36, Number 1-2, Page 111. Gregory Schraw, Kent J. Crippen, Kendall Hartley   Promoting Self-Regulation in Science Education: Metacognition as Part of a Broader Perspective on Learning

Student Motivation and Self-Regulated Learning in the College Classroom

This chapter talks about the problems in students’ motivation to learn and how self-regulated learning can provide some insights to issues such as, how come students care more about their grades than learning the disciplinary content of their courses?, why do students wait until the last minute to fulfill the obligations of their courses such as studying for an exam… Read more »

Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning Constructs

This article contains findings from several different studies, and the “Findings indicated convergence of self-report measures of metacognition, significant correlations between metacognition and academic monitoring, negative correlations between self-reported metacognition and accuracy ratings, and positive correlations between metacognition and strategy use and metacognition and motivation.” Rayne A. Sperling, Bruce C. Howard, Richard Staley & Nelson DuBois (2004) Metacognition and Self-Regulated… Read more »

Effects of Strategy Training and Incentives on Students’ Performance, Confidence, and Calibration

“This study examined the effect of strategy instruction and incentives on performance, confidence, and calibration accuracy. Individuals (N = 107) in randomly assigned treatment groups received a multicomponent strategy instruction intervention, financial incentives for high performance, or both. The authors predicted that incentives would improve performance, while strategy instruction would improve performance, confidence, and calibration accuracy as a result of… Read more »

Four cornerstones of calibration research: Why understanding students’ judgments can improve their achievement

“The target articles make significant advances in our understanding of students’ judgments of their cognitive processes and products. In general, the advances are relative to a subset of common themes, which we call the four cornerstones of research on metacognitive judgments. We discuss how the target articles build on these cornerstones (judgment bases, judgment accuracy, judgment reliability, and control) and… Read more »

Learning to Learn

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by Karl R. Wirth and Dexter Perkins This fantastic document was written “to provide a brief overview of learning, how people learn, and the importance of learning as a lifelong objective.” (p.1)  It starts with a nice discussion of the shift from a focus on teaching to an emphasis on student learning across higher ed in recent years, and… Read more »

Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational Psychology

In this article by John Dulosky and colleagues (2013) they review an incredible amount of research on various learning strategies (e.g., elaborative interrogation, self-explanation, keyword mnemonic, etc.). This is a truly amazing resource. See below for full citation. Dunlosky, J., Rawson, K. A., Marsh, E. J., Nathan, M. J., & Willingham, D. T. (2013). Improving students’ learning with effective learning… Read more »