Category Archives: Information about Metacognition

Metacognition and Learning: Conceptual and Methodological Considerations

This is the first issue of the new international journal Metacognition and Learning. Journal provides “A kaleidoscopic view on research into metacognition.” It is a great introduction to metacognition and includes ten issues “Which are by no means exhaustive.” Metacognition and Learning, 2006, Volume 1, Number 1, Page 3. Marcel V. J. Veenman, Bernadette H. A. M. Hout-Wolters, Peter Afflerbach… Read more »

Metacognitive Development

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Kuhn answers two “fundamental” questions in her article. “Where does metacognition come from and what kinds of it are there?” She also discusses the relationship between cognition and metacognition. Kuhn, D. (2000) Metacognitive Development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Oct., 2000), pp. 178-181 Metacognitive Development Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Making sense of how I learn: Metacognitive capital and the first year university student

By Lodge and Larmar, This article focuses on how significant it is to encourage metacognitive processing as a means of increasing student retention, enhancing university engagement and lifelong learning. Larmar, S. & Lodge, J. (2014). Making sense of how I learn: Metacognitive capital and the first year university student. The International Journal of the First Year in Higher Education, 5(1)…. Read more »

Habits of Mind

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by Arthur L. Costa, Ed. D. (Professor Emeritus, California State University, Sacramento). This paper summarizes 16 attributes of what human beings do when they behave intelligently, referred to as Habits of Mind.  Metacognition is the 5th mentioned (see a nice summary of all 16 on the final page). Dr. Costa points out that these “Habits of Mind transcend all subject matters commonly taught in… Read more »

A review of research on metacognition in science education: current and future directions

In an extremely comprehensive meta-analytic review, Zohare and Barsilai (2013) analyzed 178 studies of metacognition in science education (mainly K-12). They identified several key trends and made suggestions for future research. One of their findings was that the use of metacognitive cues was the most common metacognitive intervention for learning science content.  For more information, please see the reference below…. Read more »

Promoting Student Metacognition

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by Kimberly D. Tanner This article starts out with two student scenarios with which many faculty will easily resonate (one student with poor and one with good learning skills), and which help make the case for the need to incorporate metacognitive development in college courses. Kimberly then shares some activities and a very comprehensive list of questions that instructors might… Read more »

Promoting general metacognitive awareness

This informative article by Gregory Schraw begins with a distinction between knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition (lots of great references included), continues with a a discussion of generalization and a summary of some additional research that examines the relationship between metacognition and expertise (cognitive abilities), and finishes with several strategies that instructors can use to develop both metacognitive awareness… Read more »

Webinar Slides: From ‘Student’ to ‘Informed Consumer’ of Learning

by Ed Nuhfer and Karl Wirth http://www.calstate.edu/itl/documents/ITLFeb72014EN_KW_final.pdf This very informative and useful set of webinar slides (supported by the CSU Institute for Teaching and Learning) starts with a discussion of metadisciplines, pointing out that “A realization that arises from becoming educated: every metadiscipline offers a valuable way of knowing.” Following that, the presenters discuss three types of learning (knowing, skills and reasoning), and assert that “Ideally, a curricula should help students become mindful of how to distinguish the three and how to learn all three effectively.” They present data showing that most courses in… Read more »

Metacognition distinguishes Good from Great Learners

In the thought-provoking blog post, Why Good Students Do “Bad” in College: Impactful Insights by Leonard Geddes, he discusses why a large percent of good students in college do not live up to their potential. In this post, he makes the statement that “metacognition is where good students and great learners differ most. In fact, research shows that students who are not metacognitively… Read more »

Some Conceptual Issues Surrounding Metalearning

Norman Jackson (2004) offers a quick introduction to a cluster of related issues, including metalearning, self-regulation, reflection, and performance. Of note, five diagrams provide helpful visualizations of the various conceptual interrelationships. Jackson, N. (2004). Developing the concept of metalearning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 41(4), 391-403. Monday, March 31, 2014

Integrating Metacognition Instruction in Interactive Learning Environments

http://homes.dcc.ufba.br/~claudiag/thesis/Thesis_Gama.pdf This thesis by Claudia Amado Gama provides a thorough overview of several models of metacognition, several metacognition assessment instruments, the design of instructional metacognitive activities, and how metacognition can be incorporated into interactive learning environments.  It then focuses on the reflection assistant model, and describes an experimental study of the implementation of Metacognitive Instruction using a Reflective Approach in… Read more »

Metacognition overview

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This short overview by Julie Halter (then a graduate student at SDSU) is available through the Journal of Educational Technology and Communication, Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. It includes a nice comparison of novice and expert learners, and a nice checklist of strategies for supporting awareness, planning, and monitoring and reflection. http://www.etc.edu.cn/eet/Articles/metacognition/start.htm  Monday, March 17, 2014

Enhance Metacognition and Problem-Solving by Talking Out Loud to Yourself

This blog post published Feb 2012 on SmartBrains by Judith Tingley gives some basic historical background on metacognition, and then discusses the Talk­ing Aloud Part­ner Problem-Solving (TAPPS). http://sharpbrains.com/blog/2012/02/09/enhance-metacognition-and-problem-solving-by-talking-out-loud-to-yourself/ Sunday, March 16, 2014

Metacognition and Student Learning

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This January 2012 Chronicle of Higher Education article by James M. Lang starts with a comparison between poor American Idol contestants and poor students – both show “an inability to judge accurately their own level of skill or knowledge in a specific area.” He also shares an informative exchange with Dr. Stephen Chew regarding metacognition – what is meant by “metacognition” and… Read more »

Metacognition: An Overview

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This webpage by Jennifer A. Livingston at the University of Buffalo, The State University of New York  A great overview essay, with a rare discussion of the distinction between cognitive and metacognitive strategies, as well as a brief summary of the history of the use of the term metacognition. http://gse.buffalo.edu/fas/shuell/cep564/metacog.htm   Monday, March 10, 2014